This Synthesis Report presents the main findings of the 2017 EMN Study Approaches to Unaccompanied Minors Following Status Determination in the EU plus Norway. The study covers the period 2014-2017, thereby following up on previous EMN research on unaccompanied minors. It may serve to inform further the approaches of EU Member States plus Norway to the protection of unaccompanied minors following status determination and to inform action on this at EU level. The study aims are to explore the situation of unaccompanied minors who have been granted a residence permit or issued a return decision, and in turn, the approaches established by (Member) States to their integration or (voluntary) return. The study also covers unaccompanied minors who cannot be returned immediately and may be granted a temporary status, such as tolerated stay, at least in some (Member) States. Any measures taken by (Member) States with regard to disappearances of unaccompanied minors from care facilities and/or following a return decision are also covered. The study further highlights the special situation of those unaccompanied minors who are approaching the age of 18 years and any transitional arrangements made by (Member) States to support them. The situation of unaccompanied minors who are still in a status determination procedure is also covered in some instances. To the extent possible, the study also presents comparable data on the scale of unaccompanied minors in the (Member) States at present, as well as over time (2014-2017), supplementing it with national statistics where available. 26 Member States (also Slovenia) and Norway contributed their national reports.
**In the EU context, an unaccompanied minor is defined as “a third-country national or stateless person below the age of 18 years, who arrives on the territory of the (Member) States unaccompanied by the adult responsible for them by law or by the practice of the (Member) State concerned, and for as long as they are not effectively taken into the care of such a person.” It includes minors who are left unaccompanied after they have entered the territory of the (Member) States. Furthermore, as legal majority is reached in all (Member) States at the age of 18 years, “unaccompanied minors approaching majority” are understood as those between 16 and 17 years of age.
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EMN Synthesis Report