Aliens in Slovenia are divided into two larger groups which differ according to the manner of entry in the country, namely:
- European Economic Area Member States’ nationals (EEA members are the European Union Member States, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein)
- Nationals of third countries, non-members of EEA/EU.
General information on aliens in the Republic of Slovenia in 2017.
On 31.12.2017 there were 150.787 aliens in Slovenia who had valid residence permits or certificates of registered residence. 91.632 aliens had permanent residence permits and 59.155 aliens had temporary residence permits. The largest number of aliens, holders of permanent residence permit (43.984) and temporary residence permit (22.721) were the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina, followed by the citizens of Kosovo (17.987), Serbia (15.193) and Macedonia (12.926), and an essentially smaller number of Russian Federation nationals with 3.023 valid residence permits. Within the European Economic Area on 31.12.2017 the most residence permits or certificates on registered residence in Slovenia were issued in addition to the citizens of Croatia (11.387) also to the citizens of Bulgaria (4.670), Italy (3.094) and Germany (1.156). More information is available in the Tables from 1 to 4.
In the field of international protection – compared to 2015 – we have noted a 432 % increase in the number of submitted international protection applications as the consequence of larger migration flows from the Balkans which (also) crossed Slovenia, most intensively in the period from 2015 to 2016. In 2017 there were altogether 1476 international protection applications filed by persons who came from three countries that we never dealt with before, namely Vietnam, Nepal and the United States of America. We have also noted the increase in the number of applications from northern Africa, the vast majority of them from Algeria (by 378% more than in 2016), Libya and Morocco. Among the applications received, 38 applicants had already filed at least one application for international protection. From 1995 – 2017 there were altogether 716 persons granted international protection status or 152 persons in 2017, and 139 were granted the refugee status, whereas 13 persons were granted subsidiary protection. Among the persons under international protection the majority were men. The largest number of international protection statuses in 2017 was granted to the citizens of Syria (97), Eritrea (29), followed by Palestine (8), Afghanistan (5), Iraq (5), Iran (3), Cameroon (2), Russia (2) and Ukraine (1).
A special category of international protection applicants are persons who came to Slovenia under the relocation procedure from Italy and Greece based on the European Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 of 14 September 2015 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece; European Council (EU) 2015/1601 of 22 September 2015 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece. In 2017 there were 130 decisions issued to this category of applicants. Refugee status was granted to 85 citizens of Syria, 27 citizens of Eritrea and 6 stateless persons. Subsidiary protection status was granted to 10 Syrian nationals. In Slovenia there are currently (since the end of 2017) 149 persons from Syria, 50 from Eritrea, 18 from Iraq and 6 stateless persons who have been granted international protection. For more information see Report on migration, international protection and integration in 2017.
In 2017 the Ministry of the Interior marked the fifth anniversary of implementing the initial integration of immigrants. More than 6500 immigrants participated in this programme since the beginning in 2012 until the end in 2017. Among the participants the majority were citizens from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Macedonia and Russia. The participants came from as many as 86 different countries. The programme cofunded by the European Migration and Integration Fund took place in 34 towns all over Slovenia.